Engineering education is the theoretical as well as practical one. It plays crucial role in most developed as well as developing country like Nepal. Engineer are the expert professionals acquired both theoretical and practical knowledge. In this present era of technology based economy, we can not imagine overall development of physical development in the absence of such manpower. Genuinely speaking socio- economic and other development remain unfruitful where there is no extreme achievement of Science and Technology. It is essential to follow up the current way of professional and practical education. Lack of geographical accessibility, economic status , socio-educational awareness ,this sector is not flourished.
Technical education was introduced formally in Nepal with ‘Civil Sub- overseer ’ program in 1942 ,when the Technical training school was established. In 1959, ‘ Nepal Engineering Institute’ with the assistance from the government of India , launched civil Engineering overseer program later it was evolved as Diploma in civil Engineering. With German assistance, Program in General mechanics ,Auto- mechanics, Electrical Engineering and mechanical drafting were conducted in 1965,when ‘Technical Training Institute’ was established. In addition to civil program ,Nepal Engineering Institute began go through with training in electrical program of same level in 1971. Thus, such glorious history of Engineering education was finally managed and institutionalized under the provision of “Tribhuvan University in 1972,under the name of institute of Engineering with the following objectives :
a)To offer various types of trainings ,sponsored courses , conducting problem oriented research and provide engineering consultancy services.
To perform various research and development works so as to strengthen the national engineering capability and solve engineering problems aiming in the upliftment of technical potentiality.
c)As per the national need , to promote the well –skilled Engineer of upper and lower class.
Engineering Programs in Nepal
Institute of Engineering of Tribhuvan University, inspite of being an oldest governmental campus, many private colleges are conducted with its affiliation . Beside Tribhuvan University ,Kathmandu University , Purbanchal University ,Pokhara University are strongly devoted to upliftment of Engineering education . But, Unfortunately students coming from low economic background are obliged to study in IOE of TU only. Because of such flourishing private Engineering colleges ,huge amount of money afforded within here ,not in abroad but they don’t represent the poor and deserving students and they have not any package of relief. Many private colleges including pulchock full pay (IOE,TU) cost near about 2.5 lakh to 4.5 lakh which seems some how unaffordable . Because of mushroom growth of such colleges ,it’s almost impossible to get students as per their demand. In the other hand , It is thought that quality education is in risk in the name of competition.
The following Engineering colleges /Institutions have been established to conduct the courses in the faculties as mentioned below :
I) Bachelor of Engineering /B.arch Program.
BE Electronics & communication
II) Master level program in Pulchock campus. (IOE) ,TU
Information and communication
Power system Engg.
Water resource Engg.
Renewal Energy Engg.
B)Tribhuvan University affiliated Engineering colleges
Kantipur Engg. College BE-Civil,Computer ,Electronics
Kathmandu Engg. College BE-Civil,Computer ,Electronics and B-Arc
Adavance Engg. College BE-Civil,Computer ,Electronics
Himalayan Engg. College BE-Computer ,Electronics
National Engg. College BE-Computer ,Electronics
Janakpur Engg. college BE-Computer ,Electronics
Kathford college of Engineering BE-Computer ,Electronics
Name of colleges
Kantipur city college BE-computer,civil,Electronics
Acme Engg. College
MSc –Engineering management and Information system Engineering
Himalayan Whitehouse Int. college BE-computer,IT, Electronics & communication
College of Information and technology BE-computer,IT,Electronics
College of Biomedical Engineering BE-Biomedical ,Electronics & Communication
Eastern college of Engineering BE-computer,civil,Electronics
Khowpa Engg. college BE-computer,civil,Electronics
MSc-Earthquaqe Engg. & Urban Design & conservation
Himalayan Institute of Science & Technology(HIST) BE-Civil,Electronics
E) Pokhara University
Name of colleges
Nepal Engg. College BE-IT,computer,Electronics,Civil,Electrical
MSc- Construction Management,Natural Resource management, Communication Engineering(Proposed),Disaster management(Proposed),Geotechnical Material Engineering(Proposed)
Nepal college of Information and Technology BE-computer,Electronics ,Software, IT
Apex college BE-computer, Electronics
Pokhara Engg college BE-computer, Electronics &Civil
Cosmos Engg. College BE-computer, Electronics,IT
Lumbini Engg. College BE-computer, Electronics
Everest Engg. College BE-computer, Electronics,IT
National academy of science and Technology BE-computer, Electronics
To make the Engineering Profession effective and also to register the engineer as per their qualification “Nepal Engineering council” has been formed on 2055 BS.The major responsibilities of the Nepal Engineering council are :
• Making policies, plans and programs for the smooth functioning of the engineering profession and to execute them .
• To set norms and standards for Engineering education in Nepal.
• To grant permission and approval to carryout Engg. education to those Engineering Colleges and Institutions that meet the required norms and standard and to honor their degree and certificate .
• To monitor and Inspect the quality of Engineering education provided by the engineering college and institutions.
• To fix the qualification necessary in order to practice engineering profession and to register their name in the engineering council and to remove their name from registration of the engineering council if found violate the code of conduct.
As mentioned in their objective ,they need more responsibly ,accountability in the supervision of Engineering college so that college without good infrastructure, which can not provide quality education ,must be in strict control. Tiny negligence should not lead remarkable damage. We will realize quality Engg. Education would be hovering everywhere in Nepal.
Furthermore, Universities must evaluate college whether there is the minimum requirement of good infrastructure or not before affiliation. Such requirement should be determined by Engineering council (NEC) and the Government.
After getting the affiliation with University, The Nepal Engineering council should provide affiliation and approval to carry out engineering education to those colleges and institutions that meet the required norms and standards.
Only then quality education gets its possible space ,otherwise not only this particular Engineering sector but also other educational sectors becomes colourful “Pittal” without golden Existence.
1) Profile issued by Institute of Engineering , Tribhuvan University, to students with entrance form.
2) Nepal engineering council, Introduction bulletin 2005.
7) Various websites of colleges and institutions.
Edited by Yadav, 16 September 2008 - 08:19 AM.