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Modern Era of Biomedical Engineering Rate File: -----

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Modern Era of Biomedical Engineering by Er. Manoj Shrestha
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15 November 2009 - 02:40 PM
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15 November 2009 - 02:40 PM
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Biomedical engineering is a highly interdisciplinary branch of engineering that applies electrical, mechanical, chemical, optical and other engineering principles to understanding, modifying, and controlling biological (both human and animal) systems as well as to the design and manufacture of products that monitor physiological functions and assist in the diagnosis and treatment of patients.
The field is quite broad, encompassing biomechanics; biomaterials; biomedical instrumentation (such as biosensors); medical imaging; biotechnology (the creation or modification of biological material for beneficial uses, such as tissue engineering); prosthetic devices and artificial organs; and rehabilitation engineering (the design and development of therapeutic and rehabilitation devices and procedures).

It is a new kind of engineering and therefore graduates with a degree in biomedical engineering are well sought after with a variety of career options open to them. Biomedical engineering teaches you the engineering processes in sensitive bodies, as opposed to other engineering degrees. This enables you to apply your knowledge of sensitive systems into many fields of engineering, enabling you to be the best kind of engineer. Currently, not only is medicine making advances, but so is machinery, and this occupation allows the combination of the two to help further medical achievements, and create treatments, artificial limbs, and artificial organs etc.
The biomedical engineering program (B M E) is interdisciplinary in scope. The participating faculty are from the Colleges of Engineering, Veterinary Medicine, Education and Agriculture. Biomedical engineers are concerned with the application of engineering concepts and analytical techniques to biological and medical problems. They are interested in developing new concepts, instrumentation, and materials for use with living systems. In addition, they seek to understand those phenomena of living systems which have functional capabilities desirable in the design of physical systems. Graduates of the program are able to understand scientific literature, formulate hypotheses, complete independent research or design projects and report their results. They engage in research or design careers in the various fields of biomedical engineering.A biomedical engineer is a must in a hospital. No hospital can perform without having a biomedical department, particularly hospitals which are into tertiary and secondary care. We have to look at a biomedical engineer as a resource which is on line with the management resource of an organisation and not as an engineer. Lot of hospitals use biomedical engineer as if he is just a component of engineering services of a hospital. He is a very intelligent resource which looks after the most expensive part of the hospital and so we need to use the resource adequately. He not only takes care of your equipment but forms an integral part of the hospitalís management team. He also needs to constantly keep abreast of the new technologies that are happening. An institution head should look at a biomedical engineer as a guide.Biomedical engineering is a trendsetter in establishing a symbiotic relationship between engineering, medicine, biology, and physics. The main objective of the subject is to bring about an improvement in the overall quality of healthcare. Biomedical engineers can derive creative satisfaction by designing prosthetics, synthetic blood vessels, automated patient monitoring systems, blood chemistry sensors, ultrasound, and artificial intelligence for clinical decisions. State-of-the-art infrastructure helps engineers to delve profoundly into the highly regulated feedback mechanism at the genetic level and render humanitarian research activities.
It includes Electromedical Engineering, which includes bioelectric signal processing (EEG, EMG, ECG and such), imaging (such as CT Scan, Ultra sound scan, MRI, PET, X ray), interventional imaging like various forms of endoscopy, patient monitors, bioanalytical instrumentation like autoanalyzers, design and manufacture of biomedical disposables like syringes giving and taking sets. dialysis and blood collection and processing systems, artificial internal organs like heart valves, left ventricle assist devices, orthopedic and dental implants and a lot more besides.It is a multidisciplinary field, which can accommodate clinicians, engineers of various specialties, biochemists, microbiologists, toxicologists, veterinarians as well as bio technologists.It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to help improve patient health care and the quality of life of individuals.

Biomedical engineering is advancing rapidly and producing important innovations that improve our quality of life. From understanding the human genome to pioneering surgical tools, biomedical engineers are committed the advancement of research and education in biotechnology, biomolecular engineering, sensory systems, cardiopulmonary engineering, neuroscience, micro-and nano-systems and biomechanics and biomaterials.Biomedical engineering integrates physical, chemical, mathematical, and computational sciences and engineering principles to study biology, medicine, behavior, and health. It advances fundamental concepts; creates knowledge from the molecular to the organ systems level; and develops innovative biologics, materials, processes, implants, devices and informatics approaches for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, for patient rehabilitation, and for improving health.
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